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  • Practice Reduces Barnum Effect in Personality Tests
    to the validity or truth of your responses Thus there are both strengths and limitations to computerised delivery of personality tests and it is valuable for you the individual test taker to consider these when practicing online psychometric tests The Barnum effect may influence the way your psychometric test responses are evaluated This effect is also referred to as the Forer effect after the researcher who first wrote about it in 1949 Furnham Schofield 1987 The Barnum Forer effect in psychometric personality tests refers to the tendency of psychometric test takers to accept global statements which can be applied to anyone and which are favourable Forer 1949 as cited in Furnham Schofield 1987 argued that a universally valid statement is one that applies to nearly all the population and therefore although true of the individual does not reveal anything specific about them These types of statements are likely to be endorsed by the psychometric test taker if they make them feel good about them self Interestingly the Barnum effect is also found to be the reason people accept horoscopes considering they comprise statements which are vague and favourable in nature Psychometric personality test interpreters or employee selection panels may question the validity of your test responses if the Barnum effect is apparent if you positively endorse these global favourable statements Therefore practicing online psychometric tests can help to lessen the Barnum effect and thus improve the psychometric test interpreters perceived validity or accuracy of your personality test responses A related argument is that practicing online psychometric personality tests reduces the social desirability effect your tendency to stretch the truth when partaking in online psychometric tests in order to make a good impression The Barnum effect in psychometric test interpretation could be judged as approval seeking behaviour insecurity and vulnerable self esteem of the test taker Therefore practicing online psychometric tests is an important way of increasing your awareness of these types of general ambiguous statements and thus increasing the likelihood that you will respond in a more truthful manner As Furnham and Schofield 1987 stated the origins of the Barnum effect in psychometric tests can be traced back to two causes the suggestibility of the psychometric test taker or the inadequacy of the psychometric test Alternatively according to other researchers the endorsement of global favourable and vague statements in psychometric tests could reflect that these statements actually are perceived by psychometric test takers as being accurate descriptions of most people including themselves Nevertheless it is important to practice psychometric tests to improve your ability to distinguish between psychometric test items which are broad vague and favourable in nature Barnum statements compared to items which are more valid and specific genuine statements Barnum statements are of little use to test interpreters in assessing psychometric personality test outcomes given that the responses will appear not unique to you the individual test taker Free Practice Tests Take our free tests to discover whether you need to improve your psychometric test aptitude tests and

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/Barnum_Effect_in_Personality_Tests.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Learning from your Mistakes: The Learning Curve and Practice
    additional practice The learning curve demonstrates that psychometric test performance improves and gets faster with practicing psychometric tests online It also shows that this improvement in task performance is fairly common across tasks In relation to practicing psychometric tests online the learning curve suggests that practice always helps improve psychometric test scores and that the most dramatic changes and improvements occur in the initial earlier practice sessions It also implies that given the consistency and commonality of the learning curve across tasks people can achieve comparable levels of performance and comparable performance for various tasks With practice that s the key Learning may be defined as a change in behaviour as a result of experience i e practice Practice is an activity which leads to skills acquisition For example through practicing online psychometric tests you repeatedly experience a novel task the unfamiliar questions in particular psychometric test which increases your competence and eventually leads to mastery of the task Practice has been a central topic of interest to researchers interested in the study of learning It is interesting to contrast the psychometric test performance of novices and experts Novices make a lot of errors whereas experts only make occasional errors An important element of practicing psychometric tests is that it invites you to learn from errors During initial practice novices make errors and then correct themselves which across practice sessions decreases the rate errors are made That is change in error rate and thus the learning curve has been found to be a function of amount of practice Ohlsson 1996 It has also been found that practice needs to be specific to the task itself This supports the act of practicing psychometric tests online This is often referred to as the task specificity of methods Ohlsson 1996 Additionally research has shown that practice rarely is transferable from one task to another Learning from mistakes and error detection also require task specific practice such as practicing psychometric tests online As the psychometric test taker you need to be aware of your errors in order to learn from them The link between the importance of testing your performance on psychometric tests through practicing psychometric tests online is obvious In order for you or a novice in any activity to test their work it is necessary for them to undertake practice activities such as online psychometric tests whereby the results will inform you whether and where or not you have made mistakes This error detection ability of online psychometric testing allows a form of supervised practice feedback and evaluation But how do you self detect and learn from errors This can be done by comparing your actual online psychometric test results with your expected psychometric test results Thereby you are becoming aware of any discrepancies between your actual and expected results Ohlsson 1996 further contends that through practice and error detection you are then able to explain to your self what went wrong and change your behaviour as a result i e you

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/learning_curve_and_psychometric_test_practice.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Practicing Psychometric Tests and Self-regulated Learning
    workplace settings Corno et al 2002 Accordingly high psychometric test results are also dependent on self regulated learning i e practicing psychometric tests online The question is Are you a self regulated learner From the cognitive perspective self regulated learning is underpinned by the interaction between you your personal beliefs about past and future success i e self efficacy your behaviour e g engaging in a task and the environment e g feedback through practicing psychometric tests online Self regulated learning is guided by metacognition thinking about thinking strategic action planning monitoring and evaluating personal progress against a standard or goal and your motivation to learn All of these factors and cognitive capacities are associated with success in psychometric tests and you can improve these capacities by practicing psychometric tests online To define the concept further self regulated learners are aware of their strengths and weaknesses and they have various strategies which they utilise appropriately in their approach to everyday tasks and also challenging tasks such as psychometric testing For instance test taking strategies to help you tackle psychometric tests are developed through practicing psychometric tests online Thus self regulated learning is based on preparation and practice type experiences such as practicing psychometric tests online Self regulated learners hold incremental beliefs about intelligence rather than viewing their level of intelligence as static That is self regulated learners attribute their successes or failures to specific factors under their control e g effort expended on a task such as how much they practice online psychometric tests and effective use of strategies Thus through practicing psychometric tests online you are able to incrementally build your beliefs about your intelligence in turn leading to increased motivation and success in psychometric tests Furthermore through continuous self regulated learning acquirable through practicing psychometric tests online you will begin to believe that you can and will achieve success i e high scores on your psychometric tests What all this suggests is that it is beneficial for you to be a self regulated learner for many reasons Another recommendation based on self regulated learning theory is for you to have a learning goal in mind i e success on psychometric tests high scores improvement in scores etc Then through practicing psychometric tests online you can continuously re assess your strengths and weaknesses and your personal progress towards this goal adjusting your test taking strategies and psychometric test responses to maximise your psychometric test performance Additionally self regulated learning behaviour is described as a process and this process refers to preparation and practice efforts such as practicing psychometric tests online Your engagement in online practice psychometric tests will help you to develop your ability to learn through self regulation That is you can respond to your incorrect responses on psychometric tests as a source of self regulated learning rather than as a personal failure That is you can self reflect on your past successes and failures under your control and learn from these in order to improve your future

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/Self-regulated_Learning.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Practicing psychometric tests positively influences performance
    test beliefs which are influenced by pre test preparation such as practicing psychometric tests online This implies that your prior preparation such as practicing psychometric tests online influences your pre test beliefs positively which in turn influences your psychometric test performance For those in preparation for psychometric testing such as your self this highlights the importance of receiving information and experience obtained through practicing psychometric tests online about your forthcoming psychometric testing One effect of such preparation for psychometric tests is that unrealistic expectations can be calibrated to a realistic level Other researchers have further investigated psychometric test takers predispositions and prior experiences to investigate how these might lead to differences in psychometric test performance and scores It had previously been found that motivation to do well in psychometric tests lead to good psychometric test performance Sacnchez et al 2000 took this research further as they viewed psychometric test taking motivation to have a multidimensional nature Therefore they looked at expectancy theory as a framework to further explore psychometric test taking motivation and its effects on psychometric test performance Expectancy theory has relevant implications for you in your preparation for psychometric testing Expectancy theory has three major components valence instrumentality and expectancy Vroom 1964 Valence refers to your anticipated desirability of obtaining a certain job Most relevant to you is the second component instrumentality which refers to your belief that your psychometric test performance will lead to a desired outcome i e the degree to which you believe that good performance on your psychometric tests will lead to being hired a desirable outcome Also relevant to you is the third component expectancy which describes the subjective probability of effort leading to a specific outcome i e your belief that trying to do well on a psychometric test will lead to a high score on that psychometric test The underlying notion in expectancy theory in relation to your preparation for psychometric testing is that psychometric test takers such as your self make attributions about past performance on psychometric tests such as past experience with practicing psychometric tests online that impact motivation on future tasks such as the actual psychometric testing personnel selection situation This psychological mechanism is referred to as the self serving bias In these instances you are likely to rely on your own perceptions of your psychometric test performance Sanchez Truxillo and Bauer 2000 found a significant positive effect of prior test taking experience on psychometric test scores This research highlights the importance of practicing psychometric tests online in order to develop positive perceptions of your psychometric test performance That is practicing psychometric tests online will lead to improvement in your psychometric test motivation and consequently improvement in you psychometric test scores As Sanchez et al 2000 reported those who have previous experience with psychometric tests such as through practicing psychometric tests online reported more positive instrumentality positive belief that psychometric test performance will lead to a desired outcome and more positive expectancy positive belief that doing well on

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/practicing_psychometric_tests_positively_influences_performance.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Your Strengths, Weaknesses and Trainability
    providing an indication of your level of trainability and which areas you require training in For example one of the characteristics assessed by psychometric tests is ability Ability actually refers to your capability to learn something i e your trainability That is an ability test is intended to assess your capability of learning or potential One way this is measured is by your apparent relative strengths and weaknesses For example if you do not score correctly on a particular item that assesses verbal ability but you do demonstrate good problem solving skills and ability to learn your employer will know that you require further training in this area and that you are capable of learning through training By practicing psychometric tests online you can improve your capacity to learn particular tasks Practicing psychometric test online helps you to identify your relative strengths and weaknesses As a result you can increase your personal awareness of your strengths and weaknesses before the formal psychometric testing situation You can then further address your weaknesses through your own development and training For example with cognitive ability tests you are presented with items that represent individual problems to solve These items either assess verbal e g reading or nonverbal cognitive ability e g mathematical reasoning By practicing solving such items problems through practicing psychometric tests online you can actually identify your own strengths and weaknesses For instance you may identify that you have strengths in verbal cognition and need less preparation in this area You may identify that you have weaknesses in nonverbal cognition and that this is an area you need to concentrate on and prepare for further through practicing online psychometric tests In addition to identifying your strengths and weaknesses through practicing psychometric test online you can increase your level of trainability That is practicing psychometric tests online can strengthen your ability to learn retain and utilise new skills and procedures This is something that is obviously appealing to your prospective employers Employers use this information e g your ability test results as an indication of how rapidly you can learn use and retain new information thus measuring how trainable you are This is particularly important when there is a gap between the skills required for a job and your current competency level In summary ability tests are not limited to measuring your verbal and nonverbal cognitive skills Aptitude tests also answer the following types of questions about you Can you think on your feet Can you cope with the mental demands of the job Could you be a high flyer Are you a problem solver Through practicing psychometric tests online you can improve your level of trainability by identifying what your strengths and weaknesses are before you undertake formal psychometric testing You can then train yourself to improve on your weaknesses and as a bonus strengthen your trainability in the process Free Practice Tests Take our free tests to discover whether you need to improve your psychometric test aptitude tests and personality

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/your_strengths_weaknesses_and_trainability.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Situational judgment tests
    in the form of a description of a dilemma or problem which requires you to draw on your relevant knowledge skills abilities or other characteristics abbreviated as KSAOs These realistic hypothetical scenarios are either provided in written or video format Typically job applicants are asked to indicate how they would deal with such situations by choosing an alternative from a list of actions Alternatively as a job applicant you may be asked to evaluate judge each of the potential actions provided in regards to the likelihood that you would perform it or how effective you think it would be SJTs are custom made to suit the job requirements Therefore it is important that you practice psychometric tests with situational judgement tests specific to the job you are applying for Practicing SJTs prior to the psychometric test will enable you to emphasise job relevant KSAOs This is highly important given that your prospective employer will be drawing on your SJT responses to predict what your job performance would be in the particular role you are applying for The other characteristics measured by SJTs include your interpersonal skills common sense and procedural knowledge all of which can be seen as reflecting your general cognitive ability Thus it is important that you gain some experience and practice with SJTs before undertaking your real psychometric test so that you are comfortable and experienced with responding to SJT items in a way that emphasises your job relevant KSAOs Thus in order for your SJT responses to reflect that you possess the job specific characteristics required you need to practice drawing on the knowledge you have gained through your experience and or formal education prior to undertaking the real psychometric test Moreover practicing SJTs in psychometric tests will reduce the likelihood that you will draw on non job relevant KSAOs when sitting the real psychometric test Lastly given SJTs measure multiple factors it is important that you prepare for psychometric test with SJTs For instance within the domain of knowledge and skills various job relevant characteristics would be measured such as your knowledge of the interrelatedness of units your knowledge content your ability to manage tasks and your team role knowledge Additionally within the domain of interpersonal skills various characteristics may be assessed including your negotiation skills your level of social intelligence how effectively you work with others and your level of social intelligence Aspects of you personality are also likely to be assessed through the SJT including how conscientious agreeable and adaptable you are These are just some of the characteristics that may be assessed by SJTs in psychometric tests through your responses to the various hypothetical problems and scenarios presented to you The key point is that the scenarios and problems will vary according to particular jobs to assess particular characteristics considered necessary to be successful in the role you are applying for So it is important that you practice psychometric tests with a SJT component specific to the role you are applying for

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/Situational_judgment_Psychometric_tests.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Ipsative approach to measuring personality
    end score measures a specific characteristic against patterns of normality i e other people s scores Normative approaches to personality testing allow employers to compare your results with other job applicants particular groups and or populations The majority of personality tests such as Hogan Personality Inventory 16 personality factors 15FQ and Global Personality Inventory have been designed based on the normative approach Generally speaking personality tests are said to be a great measure of job applicant s potential job fit and success however employers are wary of social desirability responding particularly on normative personality tests In this context social desirability responding refers to when a job applicant attempts to respond to personality related items in a psychometric test in a way that reflects them positively but not necessarily accurately Whilst personality items in a psychometric test do not necessarily have right or wrong answers job applicants obviously want to be seen to possess the personality traits that they consider will be favoured by their potential employers That is job applicants will want to select good answers to increase their chances of being hired Social desirability responding is otherwise referred to as faking The ipsative approach to measuring personality is thought to overcome this potential limitation of normative personality tests Some even argue that the ipsative approach eliminates instances of social desirability responding or faking Whilst both normative and ipsative approaches to measuring personality include items which attempt to assess and reflect job applicants typical work style behaviours there are some fundamental differences in the way the items are presented in the questionnaire instructions and in how the items should be answered Therefore it is important that job applicants practice personality tests with an ipsative approach to measuring personality to gain confidence with this potentially new and unfamiliar style of psychometric test Some of the main differences between normative personality test items and personality items with an ipsative format will be highlighted to demonstrate why it is important to practice ipsative personality tests online prior to your real psychometric tests Normative personality test items present job applicants with a statement e g Customer service is one of my strong points and then provide rating options e g from a scale of 1 strongly disagree 5 strongly agree Some employers may think that this format sets the job applicant up to answer positively because the presented options make the intention of the question obvious In contrast ipsative measures present an alternative format designed to inhibit faking Personality items constructed with an ipsative approach present job applicants with options equal in desirability so that their choice cannot be influenced by social desirability Job applicants are asked to indicate which items are most true of them and which are least true of them in their everyday behaviour In this type of test job applicants are forced to choose among four equally positive options Ipsative personality tests are also referred to as forced choice As mentioned earlier there are various other differences with ipsative personality

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/Ipsative_approach_to_personality_tests.html (2016-02-17)
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  • How to prepare for SHL's personality test (OPQ)
    Aptitude personality tests preparation articles SHL personality test How to prepare for SHL s personality test OPQ Employers are interested in different personality traits as indicators of job relevant behaviours A common personality test used by employers is a test developed by Saville Holdsowrth Ltd SHL called the Occupational Personality Questionnaire OPQ which is often referred to as SHL s personality test after the test authors The OPQ measures 32 different personality traits that are relevant to occupational settings Ultimately the test measures traits with the purpose of determining your behavioural style at work Employers often use this personality test to see how well job applicants fit the role they are applying for When undertaking the OPQ you are asked to make forced choice responses otherwise referred to as an ipsative approach For instance each question in the OPQ has 4 statements or adjectives such as friendly leader team player and confident You are required to rate which is the most and least like you out of the 4 statements adjectives rather than rating each individual statement or adjective on a scale Thus your final score is likely to indicate your relative strengths and weaknesses It is therefore important to prepare for such tests through online practice psychometric tests so that you are confident that you are demonstrating your strengths to your potential employer when you undertake your real psychometric test The 32 personality traits measured in the OPQ are grouped into categories such as Relationships Sociability e g outgoing socially confident Influence e g persuasive outspoken independent minded Empathy e g democratic caring and Thinking style e g evaluative rational The OPQ also includes a social desirability measure to detect faking responses The multi dimensional forced choice nature of the OPQ can be cognitively challenging for test takers For instance processing several items at the same time requires good reading skills and comprehension Additionally choosing which statement is most and least like you requires you to conduct several mental comparisons which can be stressful when you are under pressure and the stakes are high This highlights the benefits of practicing psychometric tests online Practicing for the OPQ personality test will ensure that you are confident and free of stress when taking this personality test It will also ensure that you are capable of demonstrating your relevant personality characteristics and demonstrate your fit against the job requirements to your potential employer To learn more about how to effectively prepare for the OPQ please read about our personality test course and personality practice test online Click to try our free sample personality test You can also see our preparation solutions for the personality test Free Practice Tests Take our free tests to discover whether you need to improve your psychometric test aptitude tests and personality test scores Personality Free Test Aptitude Free Tests Course Previews Preview our psychometric test aptitude test and personality test courses online Preview Courses Buy Preparation now Partnering with Testimonials Wanted to let you know I scored

    Original URL path: http://www.psychometricinstitute.com.au/SHL_personality_test.html (2016-02-17)
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